[社会] 七大军区如何变成五大战区？ （双语）
Chinese President Xi Jinping (C, front), also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, confers a military flag to Commander Wang Jiaocheng and Political Commissar Wei Liang of the Southern Theater Command in Beijing, capital of China, Feb. 1, 2016.
China's military reform has taken a major step forward with five new theater commands of the People's Liberation Army formally being established in Beijing.The move is the latest step taken by Chinese President Xi Jinping in a massive overhaul of the defense system and China's armed forces.The new 5 theater commands are the Eastern, Southern, Western, Northern, and Central Theater Command.They will replace the previous 7 military areas commands headquartered in Shenyang, Beijing, Jinan, Nanjing, Guangzhou, Chengdu and Lanzhou.
The Eastern Theater Command will take charge of military troops in provinces of Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi as well as Shanghai Municipality. The Headquarters will be located in Nanjing.
The Southern Theater Command will take responsibility for military troops in provinces of Hunan, Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan and Guizhou and Guangxi region. The Headquarters will be located in Guangzhou.
The Western Theater Command will be in charge of military troops in provinces of Sichuan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, and Ningxia Hui, Xinjiang Uygur and Tibet Autonomous Regions as well as Chongqing Municipality. The Headquarters will be set up Lanzhou.
The Northern Theater Command will take charge of military troops in provinces of Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, as well as Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The Headquarters will be located in Shenyang.
The Central Theater Command will take responsibility for military troops in provinces of Hebei, Shanxi, Shandong, Henan, Hubei, as well as Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities. The Headquarters will be set up in Beijing.
Establishing the 5 theater commands is a landmark measure of comprehensively reforming and strengthening the army , as well as a historical progress on building a unified commanding and controlling system. It will ensure the PLA's capability to winning wars, and further better safeguard national sovereignty, security and interests while upholding regional stability and world peace.
The newly-established commands are the top joint battle command agencies, performing the duties of taking unified command and control of the troops as entrusted by the Central Military Commission. They are responsible for dealing with security threats in their respective strategic scopes, maintaining peace, containing wars and winning wars.
The main principle of China's military reform is implementing a new structure in which the Central Military Commission takes charge of the overall military administration, theatre commands focus on combat and the different military branches pursue their own development. This means theater commands' key function is to command battles. They need to study the mechanism of winning modern wars, grasp the law of employing military forces, speed up the development of a strategy for the theater commands and enhance the training of joint operations and command.
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